Article 4214

Title of the article

THE RITUALISTS IN TRADITIONAL RUSSIAN RURAL SOCIETY 

Authors

Mazalova Natalia Evgenyevna, Candidate of historical sciences, senior staff scientist, department of ethnography of the east Slavs and people of the European Russia, the Museum of anthropology and ethnography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (3 Universitetskaya embankment, Saint-Petersburg, Russia), mazalova. nataliya@mail.ru 

Index UDK

394.9 

Abstract

Background. Despite the long history of investigation the differentiation of rus-sian ritual specialists (“the ritualists”) and their magic activity requires further inves-tigation in the context of modern trends in Russian and world science, among which are “folk orthodoxy” and “culture and personality”. The subject of the research is the ritualists whose main functions are inflicting or curing diseases, magic practices re-lating to the productive sphere of life in all manifestations, fortune telling, sorcery. The purpose of the research is to study public views about the ritualists in the local ethnocultural tradition.
Materials and methods. Realization of the research tasks was achieved on the ba-sis of materials from the Penza diocesan bulletin of the seconf half of XIX – early XX centuries. The main methods applied are the structural-semantic, allowing to reveal the ethnographic substrate of mythological views, and the comparative, allowing to determing the place of the Penza local tradition within the common Rus-sian one.
Results. The author researched the public views existing among the Penza region dwellers and compared them with the common Russian views. The researcher also considered the differentiation of the ritualists and revealed the specificity of the ri-tulists‟ description by the clergymen.
Conclusions. The study of the public views about the ritualists allowed to reveal the specifics of mythological views typical for the Penza local ethnocultural tradi-tion, as well as to define it as a sufficiently archaic one. The analyzed features of the ritualists‟ description by the clergymen allowed to define the status of the ritualists in the traditional rural society, as well as to outline further lines of investigation of the present topic from the point of view of folk orthodoxy. 

Key words

magic, «the ritualists», healers, sorcerers, ceremonies, oral charms. 

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References

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Дата создания: 21.10.2014 09:49
Дата обновления: 22.10.2014 14:41